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13 Virtues Of Benjamin Franklin Analysis Essay

13 Virtues Of Ben Franklin Essay

When a child is born, all parents have a vision of raising a well rounded, well liked

and successful child. Parents often talk about all of the possibilities a child in the United

States has available to them. A new-born has the opportunity to be a doctor, lawyer,

teacher, police officer, or even the President. Impressions are made upon children through

their parents, teachers, and society. These important lessons play a major role in a child's

personality and shape the fragile mind of a child. Children learn from their parents, and

teachers the best way to be an integral part of society. If the list of thirteen virtues given

by Ben Franklin were taught to the new generation of kids, I feel that in the future, society

would be filled with better and also more efficient intellectuals. As a result the society as a

whole would greatly benefit.

How can a list of thirteen virtues change society in the future? After a brief

overview of the list I was not impressed. Maybe these would apply to Franklin's day but

not to the twentieth century. With a few subtractions and additions the list of virtues may

be a helpful tool in any persons life.

Temperance is first on the list and is the most important of the virtues. As Franklin

states, some associate temperance with eating and drinking, but this was not Franklin's

intention. "Temperance first, as it tends to procure that coolness and clearness of head,

which is so necessary where constant vigilance was to be kept up, and guard maintained

against the unremitting attraction of ancient habits, and the force of perpetual

temptations."(Perkins, pg322) This is the most important of the list of virtues. My

interpretation of this is that one should always keep a cool head no matter the situation.

An example is the way that Hemingway portrays his characters in his novels, and short

stories. In Hemingway's stories the character that is in a tough predicament seems to

always handle the situation in stride, and maintains a cool head. This is a vital virtue to be

had in the world today. The most successful businessmen seem...

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When most people today hear the word “virtue,” they usually don’t think “manliness.” Having virtue or being virtuous is looked at as being sissy or effeminate. In fact, we sometimes use the word in today’s vernacular to describe a woman’ssexual conduct.

However, virtue is far from being sissy or effeminate. The word “virtue” is actually rooted in “manliness.” “Virtue” comes from the Latin virtus, which in turn is derived from vir, Latin for “manliness.” Cicero, a famous Roman statesman and writer, enumerated the cardinal virtues that every man should try to live up to. They included justice, prudence, courage, and temperance. In order to have honor, a Roman man had to live each of the four virtues. When Aristotle encouraged men in the ancient world to live “the virtuous life,” it was really a call to man up.

One man took up Aristotle’s challenge to live the virtuous or manly life with particular fervor: Benjamin Franklin.

Franklin’s Quest for Moral Perfection

Benjamin Franklin is an American legend. He single handily invented the idea of the “self-made man.” Despite being born into a poor family and only receiving two years of formal schooling, Franklin became a successful printer, scientist, musician, and author. Oh, and in his spare time he helped found a country, and then serve as its diplomat.

The key to Franklin’s success was his drive to constantly improve himself and accomplish his ambitions. In 1726, at the age of 20, Ben Franklin set his loftiest goal: the attainment of moral perfection.

I conceiv’d the bold and arduous project of arriving at moral perfection. I wish’d to live without committing any fault at any time; I would conquer all that either natural inclination, custom, or company might lead me into.

In order to accomplish his goal, Franklin developed and committed himself to a personal improvement program that consisted of living 13 virtues. The 13 virtues were:

  1. “TEMPERANCE. Eat not to dullness; drink not to elevation.”
  2. “SILENCE. Speak not but what may benefit others or yourself; avoid trifling conversation.”
  3. “ORDER. Let all your things have their places; let each part of your business have its time.”
  4. “RESOLUTION. Resolve to perform what you ought; perform without fail what you resolve.”
  5. “FRUGALITY. Make no expense but to do good to others or yourself; i.e., waste nothing.”
  6. “INDUSTRY. Lose no time; be always employ’d in something useful; cut off all unnecessary actions.”
  7. “SINCERITY. Use no hurtful deceit; think innocently and justly, and, if you speak, speak accordingly.”
  8. “JUSTICE. Wrong none by doing injuries, or omitting the benefits that are your duty.”
  9. “MODERATION. Avoid extremes; forbear resenting injuries so much as you think they deserve.”
  10. “CLEANLINESS. Tolerate no uncleanliness in body, cloaths, or habitation.”
  11. “TRANQUILLITY. Be not disturbed at trifles, or at accidents common or unavoidable.”
  12. “CHASTITY. Rarely use venery but for health or offspring, never to dullness, weakness, or the injury of your own or another’s peace or reputation.”
  13. “HUMILITY. Imitate Jesus and Socrates.”

In order to keep track of his adherence to these virtues, Franklin carried around a small book of 13 charts. The charts consisted of a column for each day of the week and 13 rows marked with the first letter of his 13 virtues. Franklin evaluated himself at the end of each day. He placed a dot next to each virtue each had violated. The goal was to minimize the number of marks, thus indicating a “clean” life free of vice.

Franklin would especially focus on one virtue each week by placing that virtue at the top that week’s chart and including a “short precept” to explain its meaning. Thus, after 13 weeks he had moved through all 13 virtues and would then start the process over again.

When Franklin first started out on his program he found himself putting marks in the book more than he wanted to. But as time went by, he saw the marks diminish.

While Franklin never accomplished his goal of moral perfection, and had some notable flaws (womanizing and his love of beer probably gave him problems with chastity and temperance), he felt he benefited from the attempt at it.

Tho’ I never arrived at the perfection I had been so ambitious of obtaining, but fell far short of it, yet I was, by the endeavour, a better and a happier man than I otherwise should have been if I had not attempted it.

Applying Franklin’s pursuit of “the virtuous life” in your life

Here are The Art of Manliness we want to resurrect the idea that being manly means being virtuous. We think old Ben Franklin can show us a thing or two on how best to live a virtuous (or manly) life.

In order to help you live the virtuous life, starting next Monday and continuing each week, we’re going to highlight one of Ben’s virtues that you can focus on throughout the week. We’ll find a great man from history that exemplified that virtue and extract practical lessons from them that can help us live that virtue more fully. When we get done with Franklin’s virtues, we’ll add some more.

Until then, why not get started on living the virtuous life by downloading this nifty replica of Franklin’s virtue chart from DIY Planner? See if you can go a whole day without having to give yourself a mark for not living the virtues. If you want to carry around a little book like Franklin did, get your hands on a pocket Moleskine and paste the chart from DIY planner in there. Carry it around just as Franklin did, as a constant reminder at your quest to live a virtuous life.

Sources

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Last updated: November 15, 2017

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