Essays Urbanization Trends In Poor
Urbanization in Africa Essays
1090 Words5 Pages
Urbanization is the movement from a rural society to an urban society, and involves a growth in the number of people in urban areas. Urban growth is increasing in both the developed but mostly in the developing countries. Urbanization is associated with the problems of unemployment, poverty, bad health, poor cleanliness, urban slums environmental deprivation. This causes a very big problem for these developing countries and who are some of poorest countries. Africa urbanization is not as big as most developing countries but is on the rise for it outbursts in city growth lately. (Saundry, 2008). In Africa, one important feature of the urbanization process is that a lot of the growth is taking place in the industrial increase.…show more content…
As one can see this is something that many people would not want happening. Therefore, the market forces results in a series of changes in employment, urban agriculture and urban production systems. For example, ready market leads to an increase in production of horticultural crops and perishables such as vegetables given the high demand and proximity to urban consumers (Hanson, 2011). These factors therefore, act as a driving force in urbanization in Africa. In support of this urban trend, available statistics show that more than half of the worlds 6.6 billion people live in urban areas, jam-packed into 3 percent of the earth’s land area (The Economist, 2010). The vast majority of the world’s population living in urban areas, which was less than 5 percent in 1800 increased to 47 percent in 2000 and is expected to reach 65 percent in 2030 (The Economist, 2010). However, more than 90 percent of future population growth will be concentrated in cities in developing countries and a large percentage of this population will be poor.
In poor countries, urbanization is the outcome of, and caused by, social, economic and political developments that lead to urban concentration and growth of large cities, changes in land use and transformation from rural to urban pattern of organization and governments (Saundry, 2008). Urbanization is the driving force for
Show MoreCities all over the world are developing. As war ended in 1942, a significant number of people move to the city because they want to improve life. This urbanization process is causing a number of problems and should be met by sustainable development policies. In the beginning, it is important to know the definition of sustainable development. There are some definitions for sustainable development, but simply they say that sustainable development is a development which using resources now and preserving them for future generations (Adams, 1999, p.137). This concept has been agreed internationally at a Rio Conference in 1992 to be implemented by all government policies which mostly known as “Agenda 21” principles (Adams, 1999, p.141). This…show more content…
In the developing countries, the urban population is increasing 500% while in the developed countries only 200% at the same period. In Africa, the number of people who live in cities might increase two-fold by 2010 than in 1950 (Bilham-Boult, Blades, Hancock, Keeling, and Ridout, 1999, p. 127). To conclude, these trends show that urbanization and the problems with it such as traffic jams and housing problems will focus on urban areas or cities around the globe, especially in developing countries.
Increasing population in urban areas is causing traffic jam. The reason for this is the fact that automobile dependence in cities is increasing all over the world from the 1980s to projected 1990s. US, European, Asian, Australian, and Canadian cities increase the number but with a different pace (ESCAP as cited in Newman, 1999, p. 153). Some Asian cities such as Bangkok, Jakarta, and Kuala Lumpur suffer from this automobile dependence trend. The traffic jams in these cities are very crowded. A lot of money is wasted because they burned fossil fuels for no use except pollution. Inefficiency is happening everyday. These happen because wrong government policies that make the automobile dependence increase. According to Newman (1999, p. 156), the government in Bangkok and Jakarta built more roads infrastructure rather than invest in public transport. The solutions for this traffic jam problem are