World War 2 Home Front Essay Contest

Library of Congress

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About this activity

Introduction:

  • Douglas MacArthur asked, "Can war be outlawed from the world?" Wouldn't it be wonderful if that could happen! However, history has taught us that peace is a fragile condition. The study of past wars can help 21st century students not only understand the causes of war, but also give consideration to conditions necessary to maintain lasting peace.
  • Even though World Wars I and II did not take place on American soil, both wars were fought in multiple ways on the American homefront. This activity showcases a sampling of American Memory resources that illustrate homefront contributions during both wars. By studying these primary source historical documents, students can begin to understand how citizens of all ages, families and businesses pitched in to help fight for freedom abroad. They can also consider these actions as possible models for community contributions to peace efforts today.

Using the Activity:

  • Gallery - The Gallery page features ten images that highlight America's efforts on the homefront during World Wars I and II. The images are divided into five categories - Volunteer Work, Civil Defense, Conservation Efforts, Economic Initiatives and Patriotic Support. Use the arrows to scroll through small images across the top of the page. Click on a small image to view an enlarged version and read information on the category. Click on the topics on the right to view additional images on the category.
  • Resources - The Resources page provides links to Library of Congress and other Internet resources. The category links are repeated on the right side of this page. Today's Homefront Efforts links to a sampling of images documenting contemporary American responses to war. Other Library of Congress Resources links to collections, presentations and exhibits within the Library of Congress Web site. Links to Outside Resources provides a sampling of excellent outside links for further study of homefront activities.

Teaching Ideas:

  • Analyze the Documents: Use the gallery images to introduce the concept of document analysis to your students. Documents can be viewed online or printed out for later use. Follow the "observe, think and ask" process. Examine individual documents or several documents related to the same category. Learn more about the document analysis process and download a graphic organizer from the Teachers Page activity, Looking Into Holidays Past Through Primary Resources.
  • Scavenger Hunt: Have students search the American Memory collections for additional images on the homefront topic. Brainstorm a list of terms before beginning the search process. Suggested terms might include war work, civilian defense, mobilization, rationing, Office of War Information or names of individual war or volunteer organizations. Have each student select one image and write a scavenger hunt type question related to the image. Compile the questions and have a class "On the Homefront" competition.
  • Letter Writing - Imagine a world with no cell phones or computers. Communication with loved ones during war times was done primarily through letter writing. Have students write a letter to a "fictional" loved one who away from home during one of the World Wars.
  • Gather Memories - Have students visit the Veteran's History Project and view, read or listen to accounts of wartime service from men and women, civilian and military, representing many ranks, jobs, branches of service, and theaters of war. Conduct interviews with family members or area residents that can share their wartime memories with the class.
  • Poster Competition - Wartime posters played an important role in influencing the American public. Go to the Posters: WPA Posters and search the collection using the term - "world war." Have students look for dominant images or slogans that were used to persuade viewers. Have students create a persuasive poster for today's homefront or for another topic under study.
  • Wartime Cookery - Rationing and home gardening were common practices during both world wars. Search the American Memory collections for recipes and food conservation strategies. Use the terms - "war cookbooks" to get started. Compare the recipes to those used today. What ingredients are different? Do the recipes sound appealing? How have American's eating habits changed over the years? Why have they changed? Have a wartime food demonstration to share recipes and ideas. Search the collections using the term - "wartime food demonstration" - to locate World War II images on this topic.
  • Do With Less Day - Use the poster - Do With Less - as a visual to initiate a class discussion of food or luxury items students would be willing to go without. Eliminating use of which foods or items would help on today's homefront? Have each student choose one item and "give it up" for a day or two. Have them write about their experience.
  • Today's Homefront- Use the images in the Witness and Response: September 11 Acquisitions at the Library of Congress exhibit (use the "Object List" link to find them) to initiate a class discussion about America's homefront response to the Iraq War. What responses are the same as those in earlier wars? What responses are different?

DAR Topic 2017-18

Frances Bland Randolph Chapter NSDAR

"World War 1: Remembering the War to End All Wars"

Topic:

The end of World War I was the beginning of a new age.  This year marks the 100th anniversary of the end of the Great War.  Imagine you are living in 1918.  State where you are living and how the end of the war will impact your daily life.  Discuss the pros and cons of the changes this War introduced to society and how you imagine those changes will impact the US in the years to come.

Rough Drafts should be completed the week of October 6, 2017

Final Due Date: November 3, 2017

Research sites for information to get you going:

Crash Course in WWI

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y59wErqg4Xg

Results of WWI

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tabVEbEX9Zg

History.com World War I video

http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-i/world-war-i-history/videos/the-us-in-world-war-i

History.com World War I Legacy of the War video

http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-i/world-war-i-history/videos/legacy-of-world-war-i?m=528e394da93ae&s=undefined&f=1&free=false

PBS - The Great War: American Experience (You have to use a membership to view this video)

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/great-war/

America's Homefront During WWI

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=66-pY98Ltfk

YouTube Videos about WW1 Propaganda

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3t_Gwo3M-uc

The Atlantic - WWI Issue (Thank you for guiding me here, Tod!)

https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/toc/2014/08/

https://www.theatlantic.com/photo/categories/world-war-i/

Effects of WWI on America - Historama

http://www.american-historama.org/1913-1928-ww1-prohibition-era/impact-ww1-on-america.htm

National Archives - WWI Centennial

https://www.archives.gov/topics/wwi#event-/timeline/item/archduke-assassination

World War 1 - Primary Sources - Docs Teach

https://www.docsteach.org/topics/wwi

PBS Newshour - How does WWI impact the US today?

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/updates/wwi-impact-on-us-today/

From Syria to Black Lives Matter - Three ways WWI impacts America today

http://www.cnn.com/2017/04/09/us/3-ways-wwi-shapes-america/index.html

WWI Propaganda Slides

https://www.slideshare.net/history_teacher25/us-wwi-propaganda

Library of Congress

http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/homefront/resources.html

https://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/wwi/wwi.html

Lots of links and information at the Library of Congress site... 

Find Primary Sources for your research

http://www.shsulibraryguides.org/c.php?g=154845&p=1016068

Women in War

https://www.nwhm.org/articles/lady-hell-cats-women-marines-world-war-i

Effects of WWI on America

http://www.american-historama.org/1913-1928-ww1-prohibition-era/impact-ww1-on-america.htm

http://www.markedbyteachers.com/as-and-a-level/history/in-what-ways-did-world-war-one-impact-american-society-1.html

https://www.wsj.com/articles/world-war-i-the-war-that-changed-everything-1403300393

https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2014/08/how-the-great-war-shaped-the-world/373468/

Great article on effects of war - and on children

http://www.pbs.org/thewar/at_home_family.htm

How War Changed the role of Women in America

http://teachersinstitute.yale.edu/curriculum/units/2002/3/02.03.09.x.html

The Week.com - The Women of World War 1

http://theweek.com/captured/690302/women-world-war

Impact of WWI on Virginia

http://www.richmond.com/discover-richmond/a-century-ago-world-war-i-put-virginia-in-motion/article_0ba9d1a6-8df2-5032-8829-3a5f036fc612.html

Virginia Women and the First World War

https://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/WomenofWWI.pdf

Richmond Times Dispatch WWI and Virginia's Role

http://www.richmond.com/news/years-ago-the-united-states-entered-wwi-and-virginia-played/article_2cf74f48-a157-5470-a3d3-e0b212f6f6d1.html


I encourage you to consider asking yourself a few questions for preplanning:

  • Where are you “living”?
  • Have you or anyone in your “family” been directly involved in the Great War or the War Efforts on the homefront?
  • Did anything (an event of the war, loss of finances, women taking on jobs, loss of property, new industry, having to move, propaganda, etc.) during the war impact your daily life?
  • What were some positive changes that happened in America because of the Great War?
  • What were some negative changes that happened in America because of the Great War?
  • Do you think any of these changes will impact America, or the world, in years to come?
  • What are your plans moving forward from 1918?

Remember this is in Google Classrooms to organize for your pre-planning.  Ask Ms. Martin for the Class Code to access it online for you to type on it.


Writing the Bibliography can be tricky... students need to retain information from the resources they use to take notes. Then, they can format their bibliographies.

http://www.aresearchguide.com/12biblio.html

http://qofp.com/links_bio.htm

http://www.factmonster.com/homework/t8biblio.html

There are a lot more pages out there to help with Bibliographies, but these should get you started and keep you on track.

Here are some Bibliography Generators - put your information into it and they will generate your format:

•Citation Machine:

http://www.citationmachine.net/mla/cite-a-book

•BibMe:

http://www.bibme.org/

•EasyBib

http://www.easybib.com/

Plagiarism Scavenger Hunt

http://edtech2.boisestate.edu/jenniferharris2/502/scavenger.html

Check for Plagiarism: (this is a paid site, but you can search Google for another option)

https://www.grammarly.com/plagiarism?q=plagiarism&utm_source=bing&utm_medium=cpc&utm_campaign=Search&utm_term=plagiarism&matchtype=p

Sample for Title Page:


“World War 1: Remembering the War to End All Wars”

Name

Address

Hopewell, VA 23860

Phone

email

Carter G. Woodson Middle School

Grade X

Frances Bland Randolph Chapter of NSDAR

xxx words

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Rubric for DAR Essay

Category

Title Page

  • Title of Topic – “World War I: Remembering the War to End All Wars”
  • Contestant’s full name, address, phone, email
  • Contestant’s Grade level
  • Name of sponsoring DAR Chapter
  • Number of words in essay (600-1000)

Bibliography

  • At least 3 Sources
  • Sources are formatted correctly

Essay

Historical and geographic accuracy (everything is reasonable) - Includes where you are living

Stayed on topic - the student describes how the end of the war will impact their daily life

Includes pros and cons of the changes the Great War introduced to society

Organization of essay (beginning, middle, end)

Spelling and punctuation – including proper dialogue usage

Correct grammar throughout (verb tenses the same)

The student discusses how they imagine those changes will impact the US in years to come

*** Remember this paper is taking place AFTER THE WAR HAS ENDED! You are discussing changes the war brought after it has ENDED. 

All Essays 600-1000 words

Times New Roman font 12-14, or handwritten in black ink

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